mango cultivation in pakistan

Today Rahim Yar Khan and Multan in Pakistani Punjab are centers of chaunsa cultivation and export. December 13, 2017 Comments Off on Strawberry Cultivation. The fruit fetches Rs100 to Rs120 per kg in big cities. Climate and Soil. • Traditional markets for Pakistani mangoes include UAE, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and UK 4. Unlike the round, bright red mangoes available outside Asia, the ones that grow in Pakistan are bright yellow and shaped like a kidney. Appearance-wise, mangoes meant for export are clean and free from any harvest wounds, bruises, insect damage and fungal infections. The area under mango crop has increased but the rise in production is comparatively slow. Powered by. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. This delicious fruit is nutritionally superior, source of several vitamins and minerals. More than half of mango area (104.9 thousand hectares) lies in Punjab followed by Sindh (50.0 thousand hectares) with minor acreage in Baluchistan (1.4 thousand hectares) and NWFP (0.3 thousand hectares). There are more than 30 fruits grown in Pakistan. In Pakistan, total area under fruit cultivation is 853.4 thousand hectares with the production of 7178.8 thousand tones while area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1,732 thousand tones being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus and is ranked fourth in the world for its production. According to a report published in a local newspaper, the country exported about 66,000 tons of mangoes in 2017, earning about PKR 5.9 billion. However, only about 400 varieties of mangoes are grown locally, out of which only 25 to 30 types of mangoes are grown on a commercial scale. It is grown in several places including India, Pakistan, Ecuador, Egypt, Nepal, and the US. It is a delicious fruit being grown in more than 100 countries of the world. At present it is grown on an area of 93.42 thousand hectares with production 915.7 thousand tonnes Table-1. Mango has a long history of cultivation, and its cultivation has recently expanded to countries in temperate zones by use of protected cultivation. In Pakistan, total area under fruit cultivation is 853.4 thousand hectares with the production of 7178.8 thousand tones while area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1,732 thousand tones being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus and is ranked fourth in the world for its production. It is now, need of the hour that  Government should take initiatives to educate farmers, formulate policies supporting infrastructural development, access to the markets and provision of facilities at low costs. Mango is a major fruit of Pakistan after citrus. Alexander the great found a mango garden in Indus valley in 327 B.C. Research , 2016), whereas, total area under cultivation was around 23.2 million hectares (Ministry of Finance, 2016). However, the country is not able to acquire the desired results. Pakistan is another one of the top mango producing countries with an average annual production of about 1,784,300 tons accounting for 4.6% of the world’s total mango production, although the production has significantly increased in 2016. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Pakistan produces lot of varieties of mangoes. According to an estimate, Pakistan produces 8.5% of world’s mango and mainly exports to Middle East, Iran, Germany, Japan, China and Hong Kong making its valuable contribution as an important foreign currency earning fruit crop. Mango farms range in size from less than 2ha to more than 400ha. Is it a Good Idea to Use Personal Loans for Home Improvement? Moreover, Pakistan is the fourth largest exporter of mango and exports about 84.9 thousand tons annually. Like Pakistani Aseel Dates, Pakistani Mangoes are sweet and delicious. It also contains copper, folate, potassium, magnesium and manganese along with vitamins A, B5, B6, C, E and K. Mangoes are also high in antioxidants and packed with immunity-boosting nutrients. When it comes to the cultivation of mangoes in Pakistan, mango trees cover approximately 105 thousand hectares of agricultural land in Punjab. Mango is known as king of Fruits just like Date Palm is known as King of Oasis. It is very much unfortunate that mango industry of Pakistan is poorly developed. Mango ( Mangifera indica L.) is the king of fruits and one of the most important fruit crop in the world as well as in Pakistan. Mango has excellent nutritional properties. Unchecked use of unhealthy seeds forming diseased seedlings, Insect attack (mango mealy bug, fruit fly, mango weevil, scales, mites), alternate bearing, mango malformation (vegetative or reproductive) and diseases (powdery mildew, anthracnose, quick decline, sooty mold, fruit rot and stem blight) are the greatest threat to the industry in major mango producing countries, including Pakistan. Mango Farming Project Report/Economics of Mango Orchard Introduction: Mango is a tropical flowering tree cultivated for its fruit. These are some of the most popular areas for mango farming in Pakistan. In Bangladesh, mango occupies about an area of 50,491 ha with a production of 187220 tones according to BBS, 2003. Widely cultivated in Sindh and Punjab, the aromatic pulpy fruit is easily one of the most popular seasonal delicacies not just in Asia but also in the West. Mango has been grown in India since long and is considered to be king of fruits. IMPORTANCE OF ROSES AND INFLUENCE FOLIAR SPRAY OF MACRO AND MICRONUTRIENTS ON ROSES, classification of crops on basis of Agronomy, Problems and solutions of cotton in Pakistan, Types of Maturity of Fruits and Vegetables. High vitamin A and C contents, both being anti-oxidants help reduce risk of cancer as well as reduce the fast process of aging, making it a choicest … Districts which are important regarding cultivation of mango in Pakistan are Bahawalpur, Dera Ismail Khan, Hyderabad, Multan, Khanewal Sahiwal, Muzaffar Garh, Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Vehari and Thatta. This is because high-quality fruits are grown with soft water and natural fertilizers instead of hard water and chemical fertilizers. © Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved. Rashad M. Balal, Dr. M. Mumtaz Khan, M. Adnan Shahid and M. Waqas. These are some of the most notable and economically important mango varieties in Pakistan that people all over the world desperately wait each summer for. The late yield also has a positive impact on mango export. Mango Production Introduction and importance. It also lowers the risk of certain types of cancer and strengthens bone health, according to some research studies. Mango is cultivated in February or in early March. Mexico exports 194.5 thousands tones being 30.20% of the total trade, followed by Brazil (16.08%), Pakistan (7.38%), India (6.45%) and Philippines (5.62%). According to FAO production year book of 2001, Pakistan stands FIFTH among mango growing countries of the World. IN THIS POST– Health Benefits of Mangoes– Types of Mangoes– Quality of Mangoes– Mango Production Areas– Export of Mangoes– Demand for Pakistani Mangoes. mango in Sindh is 45.68% of the total area of mango cultivation in the country. India cultivates mangoes on 1300 thou­sand hectares, while mango cultivation in China, Mexico and Indonesia is on 214 thousand hectares, 162 thousand hectares and 150 thousand hectares, respectively. Pakistan exports a variety of mangoes to UAE, Europe, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Canada among other countries. It is now in an increasing trend in area by 112% and in production by 116% in the year of 2000-01 compared to 1984-85 (BBS, 2002). These problems arise mainly due to non-availability of nutrients from the soil, inefficient use of resources, unawareness about the ripening and quality maintenance practices. Pakistani mango being superb in all the qualities is sold all over the world at good prices. Nature has blessed Pakistan with agro-climatic conditions which permit quality production of mango. Pakistan. In Sindh the mango growing areas are Mirpur Khas, Hyderabad and Thatta districts. In mango cultivation, some types of mango start giving early production & some of the mangoes types used to late fruit bearing. This year, the country is hoping to export around 100,000 tons of mangoes, which will contribute about USD 80 million to the economy. It is native to South Asia, but now it is cultivated widely in the tropics. Known as the ‘King of Fruits,’ mangoes are one of the major agricultural exports of Pakistan with high demand all across the world. This variety of mango was originally made popular by Sher Shah Suri throughout the Indian subcontinent. … Here is the full information on the Mango Tree and Gardening Guide with the best mango cultivation methods. Hyderabad and Mirpurkhas are the major mango growing tracts in Sindh (GOP, 2004). Still, we are not able to cope with the problems arising due to ignorance of farmers and facilities involving storage and marketing. But mangoes are also cultivated in Balochistan Khyber-Pakhtun khwa provinces. Mango (Mangifera indica L Family Anacardiaceae) is the second largest fruit crop of Pakistan. 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