importance of wood technology

Ash can be used as fertilizer. The SWST meeting in Nagoya (Japan) provided a unique opportunity to connect with other researchers and share the latest developments in wood science, timber applications and timber identification methodologies. It is important to remove carbon from the atmosphere as well as reduce new carbon emissions going into the atmosphere. An … From these efforts to find better ways of using wood, the field … Wood achieves both of these. Dr. Zhiyong Cai (U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, USA) showed the potential of cellulose nanofibrils towards renewable energy harvesting in the ‘Wood Chemistry’ session, moving the discussion on the role of wood in the energy debate beyond bioenergy production. In addition, the paper aims to correlate the structural and mechanical properties of wood with the outcome of the cutting process, especially in the production of thin boards intended for the resonant parts of some musical instruments. Design driven materials in wood products manufacturing, supplies — adhesives, hardware, veneer, laminates, edgeband — took on leading roles during 2015. WOOD is one of the earth’s most versatile and probably most familiar natural raw material and the important role it plays in our daily lives often goes unnoticed. Foundations are generally concrete. The term technology is frequently used in every-day communication and in the specific areas of producing goods and providing services. Furthermore, they effect the livelihood of the people living in and/or from the forest and lead to lost revenue that may have been generated from legal logging of forests. Wood has played an important role in the history of civilization. Wood constructions also have significant advantages in severe seismic zones. Wood is the only building material that helps tackle climate change. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Wood: an important material in manufacturing technology. Dr. Akira Isogai (Tokyo University) introduced new bio-based nanomaterials that could aid towards a sustainable future. Over the course of the meeting different topics, ranging from, ‘Biorefinery & Bioeconomy’ to ‘Mass Timber & Structures’ sparked our interest and demonstrated the multi-disciplinary nature of wood science and technology. Research from the American Forest Foundation, produced in partnership with the U.S. Forest Service and the Family Forest Research Center, shows that wood supplies on family-owned forestland are abundant — these forests currently have more than 358 billion cubic feet of standing wood. Many wood products can be recovered for reuse or recycling, thus extending our wood supply into the future. Wood Technology offers innovative hardware solutions for the furniture and cabinet industries as well as home organization and office products for consumer markets. As such, it is expected that the global demand for timber will only increase in the future. Two posters were presented focussing on the identification of timber species, either through deep learning of Near-Infrared hyperspectral images (Hideaki Kanayama, Nagoya University, Japan) or using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy as a tool to assist in the identification of Dalbergia CITES-listed species from Madagascar (Tahiana Ramananantoandro, Université d’Antananarivo, Madagascar). Illegal logging and related trade are a threat to sustainable forest management by causing deforestation and biodiversity loss. „Become aware of how technology is revolutionizing our relationship with wood Goals -2 „Become familiar with some of the diverse career paths that start with wood science and technology „Introduce you to some of the challenges you will face as a 21stCentury consumer. Pieces of lumber are cut lengthwise from the trunks of trees and are characterized by having generally rectangular or square cross sections, as opposed to poles or pilings, which have round cross sections.The use of wood as a construction material predates written history. Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology IF is increased by a factor of 0.13 and approximate percentage change is 29.55% when compared to preceding year 2017, which shows a rising trend. Multi-functional energy sources. The Wood Technology Society aims to advance and encourage the scientific, technical, practical and general knowledge of timber and wood based materials. Wood is the most important material contact we have with the entire body of our ancestry. This would not have been possible without the support of SWST and Victoria Herian (Executive Director, SWST), who enabled young researchers to attend the conference by offering travel grants. Among the many uses of wood products, the production of dimensional lumber ranks as one of the most significant, particularly in the construction of residential dwellings. This article was kindly provided by Victor Deklerck, PhD student at the Laboratory of Wood Technology (Ghent University, Belgium) and scientific expert for GTTN. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(02)00217-0. View Wood Technology Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Next to seasoned scientists, early stage researchers had the opportunity to present their research in short oral presentations and poster format. The meaning of the word technology itself as well as the specific meaning of the term wood technology … Wood is highly appreciated and used for construction, furniture design and increasingly also for the production of clothes and other everyday objects due to its special material, appealing aesthetics and the sense of warmth portrayed by it. The majority of timber species used for dimensional lumber are conifers (gymnosperms ), which are typically evergreen (non-deciduous) trees, and come from areas where these plants are the major component of the flora in their habitats (e.g., coniferous forests). Effective methods for timber species identification are indispensable and need to be optimized if we want to create a sustainable pathway. Humans have used it for fuel, building materials, furniture, paper, tools, weapons, and more. Indicative of this importance is the continued high demand for wood and wood products. The machining of wood by cutting is a demanding technological process because of wood’s specific structure, anisotropy, and non-homogeneity. The topical circular economy approach and the relationship with wood science was emphasized by Dr. Andreja Kutnar (InnoRenew CoE, Slovenia). This sets timber apart from other building materials, such as concrete and steel. The basic properties of wood tissue are briefly presented to enable a better understanding of wood as a material. This means that homes and buildings require less energy to maintain heating and cooling, plus wood can help regulate humidity levels to a small degree. Disadvantages. Wood also contains highly-sought-after acoustic properties. Thus, we need innovative tools for species identification and for determining the geographic origin of wood to verify trade claims. In Canada, T3 has plenty of company. Wood supplies the solid raw material for products, such as lumber, plywood, and wood pallets, and the fiber for paper, paperboard, fiberboard panels, rayon, and acetate (see also LAMINATED WOOD-BASED COMPOSITES; PAPER; PULP). Lumber is a generic term that applies to various lengths of wood used as construction materials. The machining of wood by cutting is a demanding technological process because of wood’s specific structure, anisotropy, and non-homogeneity. Two other important aspects worth considering when talking about wood sustainability are the life cycle assessments and supply chains of timber products. A set of new wood technologies known as "mass timber" is being used to create buildings that are big and unprecedentedly tall. As timber demand increases globally, we have to evaluate how to embed this in a sustainable way of living. The wood products industry in the United States is an important contributor to the U.S. economy, accounting for approximately 4 percent of the total U.S. manufacturing GDP. Rather, new wood is added inseparably to preexisting growth until the entire tree is harvested, after a waiting period that varies widely depending on intended use of the wood—for example, 2–3 years on energy plantations (where biomass is produced as fuel for power generation), 6–8 years for pulpwood (eucalypts), 12–15 years for fast-growing poplar hybrids, 30–50 years for fast-growing pines, and 100 … —————————————————————————————————————————————–. 1. Several keynote speakers from different areas of expertise kicked off the meeting and provided interesting insights on how to move sustainability in timber research to a next level. Technology very cheap and readily available. Over 300 scientists from more than 30 countries gathered last week in Nagoya (Japan) for the 61st SWST (Society of Wood Science and Technology) International Convention in cooperation with the Japan Wood Research Society and the Nagoya University. Nicolas Appert’s development in 1810 of the canning process was a decisive event. Wood Science and Technology publishes original scientific research results and review papers covering the entire field of wood material science, wood components and wood based products. It has provided shelter, tools, and furniture since prehistoric times. The basic properties of wood tissue are briefly presented to enable a better understanding of wood as a material. The sustainable use and management of this natural resource is important as the world faces the challenges of the 21st century. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. One of the first things we must remember is to use each wood to its best purpose. Each day millions of people around the world derive their livelihoods working with wood. To me, it was heartening to see so many young scientists join the wood community. The existence of a wood economy, or more broadly, a forest economy (in many countries a bamboo economy predominates), is a prominent matter in many developing countries as well as in many other nations with a temperate climate and especially in those with low temperatures.These are generally the countries with greater forested areas. The theme of this year, ‘Era of Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology’, highlights the relationship between wood and the increasing need for a sustainable environment. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. It can absorb sound and echoes, and is a favorite material of choice for the construction of structures where proper acoustics is important, such as concert halls. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The process wasn’t called canning then and Appert did not really know the principle on which his process worked, but canning has had a major impact on food preservation techniques. Wood is resistant to electrical currents, making … Trees and wooden material have a unique relationship with nature and humankind. The impact factor (IF), also denoted as Journal impact factor (JIF), of an academic journal is a measure of the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in that journal. Munkaila Musah (Michigan Technological University, USA) presented a poster illustrating the life cycle assessment of Kiln-Dried Northern Hardwood in CLT production, while Honmai Gu (U.S. Forest Products Laboratory, USA) focussed more on the life cycle cost for Mid-rise CLT buildings in the USA. The ‘Wood in Health & Wellness’ session indicated that wood has multiple health advantages, ranging from lowering stress and noise, to even anti-cancerous properties of seed residue from timber trees. Wood is one of the oldest and most versatile raw materials. Finally, Dr. Yves Weinand (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland) showed new and innovative timber structures, justifying and explaining the increase in timber demand and use. In another poster, Paula Fallas Valverde (Virginia Tech, USA) developed a mathematical model based on supplier selection and assessment criteria to reduce waste in the wood fibre supply chain. A sustainable forestry and utilisation of natural resources is the basis for … Since the technological revolution, scientists have found ways to treat and process wood in more innovative ways, which has allowed it to be used in many products—everything from plywood to wood plastics—that were unheard of only a few decades ago. The wood produced from them is called softwood despite the fact that for ma… You often hear people grumbling about money and all kinds of other things that \"don't grow on trees\"; the great thing about wood is that Product categories include motorized TV lifts, height adjustable desks, home organization, furniture and cabinet hinges, decorative hardware, functional hardware, and electric window openers. Latest wood technology news & resources 11 November 2020 Patent of the month – Wood-free fibre compositions for paperboard packaging In the same session, Kayoko Kobayashi (Kyoto University, Japan) demonstrated a deep learning model based on wood anatomical features for the species identification of hardwood. But how can we integrate timber, and timber applications by extent, into a sustainable world? The quality of our lives has been greatly enhanced because of this wonderful resource. By means of its harvesting in forests, its transportation, its processing in workshops and industries, and its trade and use, wood provides jobs and supports economic development and, in some countries, basic subsistence. Moreover, it served as a platform to broaden the debate towards different actors (scientific community, industry, policy makers and others) and to extend the support of timber species identification activities. Building techniques Several common techniques are available for con- structing buildings with supporting frameworks made of wood. Technology comprises the science of knowledge and usage of tools and techniques or its systems, methods, organization and material products thereof. Arbiom (biotechnology company developing solutions to convert wood into protein for feed and food applications) has successfully achieved a critical milestone in its Demonstration Program by completing continuous, stable operation of its fermentation technology over a seven-day period without contamination or product quality issues. The Role of Wood Science and Technology in a Sustainable World, Timber tracking and trade in South America – a report from GTTN’s Regional Workshop in Peru, Learn how to find and share information on, ‘Era of Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology’, An innovative solution for a transparent and accountable timber supply chain, IUFRO approves Wood Identification Research Group. The next meeting is taking place in the beautiful Yosemite National Park (California, USA – 20 to 25 October 2019), where more interesting talks and discussions will follow. While all materials are important to the construction of buildings, innovation and advances in wood technology are making it possible to build tall wood buildings using solid Mass Timber Construction. It has been paramount in aiding, comforting and paving the road to civilization. GTTN is coordinated by the European Forest Institute and is financed by the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Of course, sustainability starts at the basis, and the timber source plays an important role here. Over-exploitation of forests has serious environmental effects such as deforestation, destruction of ecosystems and animal habitats, accelerated soil erosion among others. One way is to use structural wood members to form a frame which is covered with structural wood panels. The theme of this year, ‘Era of Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology’, highlights the relationship between wood and the increasing need for a sustainable environment. e.g. Some important considerations in preparation for the Classroom-Based Assessment in Wood Technology 2020/2021 This document relates to Classroom-Based Assessment 1 (CBA 1) entitled Wood science in our environmentin Wood Technology within the academic year 2020/2021, but also addresses some important considerations for CBA 2 in Wood Technology. Fencing and Decorating Gardens: In modern decoration system woods are also used for building the fencing and simple decoration for artificial gardening inside a home or on roofs. Next, some specifics in the straight cutting in three typical directions of wood tissue are presented. Wood Enhances Energy Efficiency Wood has a higher insulation rating than either steel or plastic as a result of its natural cellular structure. Wood Technology is a subject that will allow students to explore and learn about a key natural resource that nature has provided. Several keynote speakers from different areas of expertise kicked off the meeting and provided interesting insights on how to move sustainability in timber research to a next … See you there! Early scientific research into food technology concentrated on food preservation. The comparison of two recent experiments showed that the machining process measurably influences the acoustic properties of a wooden board; however, this influence depends on the board shape. Technology is important because it makes you feel more secure with every area in life for both personal and business reasons. In his talk on Wednesday, Sung-Wood Hwang (Kyoto University, Japan) explained an innovative way of identifying Lauraceae species by applying a bag-of-features model on wood anatomical slices. Dr. Hans Joachim Blaß (Karlsruhe Institut für Technologie, Germany) presented new advances in cross-laminated timber structures, portraying the special role timber plays in construction. Subjects are wood biology and wood quality, wood physics and physical technologies, wood chemistry and chemical technologies. Forestry and Wood Technology We carry out education and research within a broad scientific field, from forest to finished product and development of new wood products for construction and housing. Technology comprises the science of knowledge and usage of tools and techniques or its systems, methods, organization and material products thereof. Identification are indispensable and need to be optimized if we want to create a way., tools, and timber applications by extent, into a sustainable pathway comforting and paving the road civilization... Quality of our lives has been paramount in aiding, comforting and paving the road to.. 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