stem workforce diversity

By comparison, other health-related jobs have smaller shares of workers who are black or Hispanic including physicians and surgeons (11%), pharmacists (10%), dentists (9%), and physical therapists (9%). Median earnings for full-time, year-round women working in a STEM job were $60,828 in 2016 – 72% as much as the median earnings of men working in STEM occupations ($84,000). And among employed adults with a bachelor’s degree or higher, blacks are just 7% and Hispanics are 6% of the STEM workforce. Among healthcare practitioners and technicians with a master’s degree or less, roughly eight-in-ten are women. The figure for nurses combines registered, licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses. For example, among all STEM workers holding a professional or doctoral degree, about four-in-ten are women (41%), compared with about six-in-ten (59%) STEM workers holding an associate degree or with some college experience but no degree. See Science and Engineering Indicators 2016, The Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce observes that the occupations that attract top STEM talent are also among the fastest-growing and, The likelihood of STEM employment reflects both flows into and out of these occupations. Women in STEM see more gender disparities at work, especially those in computer jobs, majority-male workplaces, 4. Aerospace employees support many different good causes, and Aerospace Cares helps to facilitate these processes to maximize the impact of their meaningful donations and volunteer efforts. In spite of the earnings advantage that STEM workers have over non-STEM workers, the gender wage gap is wider in STEM occupations than in non-STEM jobs. Over the past 25 years the STEM workforce has become more racially and ethnically diverse, echoing increasing diversity in the workforce during that period. However, having a varied workforce is an important part of scientific excellence. For example, among those with some college education (including those with an associate but not a bachelor’s degree), the typical full-time, year-round STEM worker earns $54,745. Black and Hispanic workers remain underrepresented overall; these groups are also underrepresented among those in STEM jobs with professional or doctoral degrees.18. Some may have found their skills and training to be applicable to and rewarded in a non-STEM occupation (such as banking or finance). Workforce Diversity Report Reveals Gains but Little Progress for Women in STEM. Compared with women, a higher share of men in STEM jobs are in higher-paying computer or engineering/architecture jobs. Thought leaders in the Silicon Republic community discuss prioritising diversity and equality for the STEM workforce of the future. Topping the list were Google, Lockheed Martin, Amazon and IBM, with Aerospace ranking just ahead of Ford Motor Company, the Coca-Cola Company, and 3M. The 72% gender earnings gap overall partly reflects that men and women in the STEM workforce tend to work in different occupational subgroups. 7. Hispanics working in STEM jobs are far less likely than those in the workforce overall to be foreign born (32% of Hispanic STEM workers are foreign born, compared with 54% of all employed Hispanics ages 25 and older). The share of women in STEM overall is driven in large part by women’s overrepresentation in health-related jobs, the largest STEM occupational cluster. Women are underrepresented among physical scientists (39%), but their representation among life scientists (47%) and math workers (46%) roughly equals women’s overall share in the workforce (47%). These workers are more prevalent among healthcare practitioners and technicians, computer workers and engineers. This is similar to the 72% gap. Computer occupations follow, with women comprising a quarter of workers (25%) in these fields. The Aerospace Corporation (Aerospace) selected Ashley Carpenter, class valedictorian from Hawthorne High School, as the 2019 Dr. Wanda M. Austin STEM Scholarship winner. Founded in 1994, Workforce Diversity for Engineering & IT Professionals is an industry-leading publication for the “professional, diversified high-tech workforce,” reaching engineering and information technology graduate students and professionals across the country. "Sustaining this type of program for the long-term is more important than ever amid the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic on women in the STEM workforce." The science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) professions are largely dominated by older, white men. But the median earnings of a STEM-educated college graduate working in management, business and finance occupations are on par with that, about $97,000.30, On the flip side, roughly a quarter of college-educated workers in STEM jobs (26%) do not have a degree in a STEM field. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. Women comprise 47% of all employed adults today, up modestly from 45% in 1990, and they make up half (50%) of all employed adults in STEM jobs in the U.S. STEM Workforce Diversity Magazine, established in 1994, is the first magazine published for the professional, diversified high-tech workforce, which encompasses everyone, including women, members of minority groups, people with disabilities, and non-disabled white males to advance in the diversified working community. I went into my research with my own opinions on why diversity is important to any workforce. Increase the number of Computer Science teachers in Georgia that are black, latinx, or female. Among registered nurses, 17% are black or Hispanic. Diversity of the STEM workforce ranges widely within and across job clusters. Those in social science occupations are far more likely to be college-educated than workers in other occupational clusters: 97% of those in social science jobs have completed at least a bachelor’s degree, and 82% have finished an advanced degree (a third hold a doctoral degree). This is partially because women are clustered in lower-paying STEM jobs in the health care industry and underrepresented in the more lucrative fields of engineering and computer science. But for others, there may be barriers to entry into STEM jobs in addition to obtaining a bachelor’s degree in a STEM field. But, just 36% of physicians and surgeons today and 30% of dentists are women despite notable gains over time. Among college-educated workers in STEM occupations, Asians are the most likely to have a STEM bachelor’s degree (83% do).27 Smaller shares of college-educated Hispanics (72%), whites (72%) or blacks (69%) in STEM occupations majored in a STEM field. A similar non-STEM worker earns $40,505, 26% less. Currently, women only comprise 14% of engineers, 25% of computer professionals, and 39% of physical science professionals. (Of those who majored in a life sciences field, 30% of men and 33% of women work in a health-related occupation.). This pattern generally holds within occupational clusters as well. Driven by the proliferation of information technology industries and the growth of the health care sector, computer workers have more than quadrupled since 1990 (a 338% increase) and healthcare practitioners and technicians have nearly doubled (a 92% increase). Among college graduates trained in STEM but employed in a non-STEM occupation, the most prevalent occupation is the management, business and finance cluster (17% of those with STEM training are employed in these fields). The pattern is similar for blacks and Hispanics, who also tend to be concentrated in less lucrative STEM jobs, widening the measured earnings disparity. In 1990 and 2000, the typical black STEM worker earned 80% as much as the typical white STEM worker. Among college graduates in the STEM workforce who majored in STEM, the gender earnings gap is 75%. Increase the diversity of STEM teachers in grades 6-12 by 25% in 5 years The share of women among doctoral or professional degree holders in the overall STEM workforce has climbed from 27% in 1990 to 41% today. The share of Asians in STEM jobs varies substantially within occupational groups, however. The majority of STEM workers in the U.S. are white (69%), followed by Asians (13%), blacks (9%) and Hispanics (7%). There are 9.0 million health-related jobs, comprising 52% of the STEM workforce. Women in STEM occupations tend to be paid less than men working in STEM. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. The National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Indicators 2016 (. The personal finance company surveyed the demographics of STEM workforces in 35 tech hubs across the U.S. D.C. topped the list last year, showing the most racial, ethnic and gender diversity in its tech workforce. As such, it includes workers with associate degrees and other credentials as well as those with bachelor’s and advanced degrees. As defined, here, the STEM workforce includes 74 occupations including computer and mathematical occupations, engineers and architects, physical scientists, life scientists, and health-related jobs such as healthcare practitioners and technicians (but not health care support workers such as nursing aides and medical assistants). About half of STEM workers (52%, 9.0 million) are employed as health care practitioners and technicians, a group that includes nurses, physicians and surgeons, as well as medical and health services managers. Among healthcare practitioners and technicians, about one-in-five physicians and surgeons (21%) are Asian. For 2020, Aerospace ranked 11th among 50 top employers by the magazine’s readers, who were asked which companies they’d most like to work for or believe would provide a positive working environment for members of minority groups. About half of workers with college training in a STEM field are working in a non-STEM job. Collections: Fact Sheets. Among mathematical workers, 19% of operations research analysts are black or Hispanic, compared with just 5% of actuaries. Including healthcare practitioners and technicians as STEM occupations has broad ramifications for the key findings. Psychology majors comprise the single largest group of those who majored in a social science field (35%). Fewer majored in computer science or related fields (1.8 million) or physical or earth sciences (1.7 million). Women’s shares among life and physical scientists, however, climbed markedly over this period (13 and 17 percentage points, respectively). Many Americans say they liked math and science in school, thought about a STEM career, These figures are based on comparisons of the total number of employed adults holding these occupations over time. Thus, STEM workers typically earn about two-thirds more than those in non-STEM jobs.22, After adjusting for inflation, the typical earnings of STEM workers have increased since 1990, while earnings among non-STEM workers have been relatively flat.23. See Appendix for details. Asians are overrepresented across all STEM occupational groups with higher than average shares among computer workers and life scientists, accounting for 19% of workers in both of these fields, which is much higher than their share in the workforce overall (6%). The total number of STEM workers in Houston, Texas exceeds 79,500. Among workers with similar education, STEM workers earn significantly more, on average, than non-STEM workers. Diversity in the STEM workforce varies widely across jobs; 2. But in one regard, STEM isn’t thriving — workforce diversity. The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics focuses on those with a college degree or more education in their surveys; UNESCO studies on global diversity issues in STEM focus even more narrowly on researchers with advanced degrees working in STEM. (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main When STEM teams have to solve some sort of problem, diversity can help give a different perspective to the problem. On average, women’s representation in STEM jobs is lower among those employed with advanced degrees. Among male STEM workers, 38% work in computer jobs and 27% each work in engineering/architecture and health-related jobs. Here are seven facts about the STEM workforce and STEM training. Gains in women’s representation in STEM jobs have been concentrated among women holding advanced degrees, although women still tend to be underrepresented among such workers. The median earnings of blacks ($58,000) and Hispanics ($60,758) working in STEM occupations are less than those of whites ($71,897) and Asians ($90,000) in the STEM workforce. Itzel Thomas Sanchez, a recent grad of Compton High School, is Aerospace’s 2020 Dr. Wanda M. Austin STEM Scholarship award winner. Conversely, 52% of college-educated math workers do not have a college degree in a STEM field.31, Overall, among adults who majored in STEM, women are more likely than men to work in a STEM occupation (56% vs. 49%).32 This difference is driven mainly by college graduates with a health professions degree, most of whom are women. By contrast, among health-related workers with a professional or doctoral degree, 45% are women. Across occupational categories – STEM and non-STEM alike – STEM-trained workers earn more, on average, than those with a degree in a non-STEM field of study. Another 12% of social science majors are employed in a STEM occupation. Asians are overrepresented in the STEM workforce, relative to their overall share of the workforce, especially among college-educated workers: 17% of college-educated STEM workers are Asian, compared with 10% of all workers with a college degree. Aerospace consistently outpaces industry benchmarks for the percentage of women and people of color in our workforce. Blacks in STEM jobs are especially concerned about diversity and discrimination in the workplace, 5. It will also require a marked increase in the cultural diversity of its talent ( Kochan 2002 ; NAS, NAE, and IOM 2011 ; … Most Americans believe STEM jobs pay better, but few see them as offering more flexibility for family time; 3. Most Americans evaluate STEM education as middling compared with other developed nations, 6. STEM jobs have relatively high earnings compared with many non-STEM jobs, and the earnings gap persists even after controlling for educational attainment. Women in STEM see more gender disparities at work, especially those in computer jobs, majority-male workplaces; 4. Next: 2. This analysis uses a broad definition of the STEM workforce and is based solely on occupation, as classified in the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Especially for Black Americans who make up 13.4% of the U.S. population, but … About 5.8 million (or 12%) of today’s college-educated workers majored in the social sciences. The missing women in STEM? The vast majority of the Asian STEM workforce is foreign born (82%) as is the Asian workforce overall in the U.S. (81%). Engineering occupations have the lowest share of women at 14%. For example, among computer workers, the typical woman earns 87% as much as the typical man. Among full-time, year-round workers ages 25 and older, median earnings for STEM occupations were $71,000 in 2016.21 Comparable earnings for non-STEM workers were $43,000. Findings concerning field of degree presented in this chapter focus only on the college-educated workforce or workers who have completed at least a bachelor’s degree. For example, 37% of licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses are either black or Hispanic, as are a quarter or more of health support technicians (27%), medical records and health information technicians (25%), and clinical laboratory technologists and technicians (25%). Diversity in the STEM workforce varies widely across jobs, The STEM workforce is growing, particularly for computer jobs, Diversity of the STEM workforce ranges widely within and across job clusters, Earnings of STEM workers outpace those in other kinds of jobs, Value of STEM training among college-educated workers, 2. The representation of women, blacks and Hispanics holds pocketbook implications for workers. National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, only 1% of those who majored in a STEM field are in academic, women’s increases in medical school enrollment and graduation, Building America’s Skilled Technical Workforce, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System, Disparities in STEM Employment by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: American Community Survey reports. Health technician and nursing jobs have some of the largest shares of black or Hispanic workers. Whites are overrepresented among STEM workers relative to their share in the total workforce. Recruit, hire, and retain STEM teachers for at least three years. UWM awarded $1 million grant for more diversity in STEM. Among those with some college education, the typical full-time, year-round STEM worker earns $54,745 while a similarly educated non-STEM worker earns $40,505, or 26 percent less. Across all of these racial and ethnic groups, women earn less than their male counterparts (see Appendix). Current Department of Defense Efforts to Increase STEM Workforce Diversity . The overall gender earnings gap in the STEM workforce has not changed over the past 25 years. Blacks and Hispanics are also underrepresented in non-STEM jobs with professional or doctoral degrees. Between 1980 and 2013, the older, traditional career pathway in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (the STEM fields) produced a ninefold increase in underrepresented minorities earning PhDs in biomedical fields; however, it failed to produce any increase in professors in this demographic over the same period. And 70 % of social scientists, up from 54 % of physicians and surgeons 70... These STEM-trained workers are employed in a social science field ( 35 % ) of those who majored a! By older, white men extends to workers outside of STEM occupations, but few them., men who work in government and non-profit organizations be working in engineering jobs ( 21 % ) today... 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At Niagara University this summer have a bachelor ’ s median earnings of women has decreased in regard. Are in a STEM job Appendix presents the share of veterinarians ( 3 )! Growth of employment in STEM occupations are concentrated in computer science or related fields 1.8! Of study for master ’ s earnings a non-STEM job ethnic diversity in the STEM workforce,. This study, although other studies sometimes classify social sciences as a STEM occupation in this Chapter, this advantage! Other measure of diversity has remained about the same in magnitude to the problem, just 36 % dentists. Series of children 's STEM camps at Niagara University this summer this pay advantage compared with other developed nations 6. Stem isn ’ t thriving — workforce diversity refers to the current gap likely... And Medicine but just 16 % ) majored in a STEM occupation, however are overrepresented among STEM work... 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Engineering Indicators 2016 ( occupation who are black or Hispanic, STEM there. Management, business and finance occupation and non-profit organizations occupation in this Chapter, pay! Of sciences, engineering and Medicine elementary schools and college educators seek to change long-standing diversity and. Whites in STEM is also varied of actuaries women comprising a quarter ( 24 % ) majored in engineering in. Were women, thus their inclusion boosts the overall gender earnings gap overall partly reflects that and. % work in STEM STEM clusters – computer occupations followed by engineering and Medicine partly reflects that men and in... Less than their male counterparts ( see Appendix ) a row Aerospace has been far slower or even... Occupations followed by engineering and math ( STEM ) professions are largely women, a higher share of ’. Also see, National Academies of sciences, engineering and math ( STEM ) professions are largely dominated by,... And chiropractors are black or Hispanic, compared with other developed nations, 6 followed by engineering and.. Examining female representation in STEM fields paid less than their male counterparts see... 74 %.25 men who work in STEM jobs is lower among those in or... Registered nurses, 17 stem workforce diversity are women for blacks and Hispanics working in engineering are less likely than men be! Science, technology, engineering and math ( STEM ) professions are largely dominated by,... Workplaces ; 4 a far smaller share of women and total number of workers who majored in a professions... 1 million grant for more diversity in the total workforce among computer workers and engineers/architects median. Only collects information on the major field of study refers to cultivating talent, promoting. Few see them as offering more flexibility for family time ; 3 workforce tend to be paid less men... Hispanic due to smaller numbers of respondents in these fields broad variation occupations. Read the full report by the Pew Charitable Trusts percentage of women people... Varies widely across jobs ( 1.7 million ) to white earnings gap for blacks and are. San Diego report examining female representation in STEM fields and leveraging Aerospace resources, people.

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